Giornata della memoria

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27 GENNAIO, GIORNATA DELLA MEMORIA: CAPIRE COSA SONO STATI LA SHOAH E L’OLOCAUSTO

Auschwitz

L’ingresso del campo di concentramento di Auschwitz, simbolo della persecuzione nazista.

Gli ebrei deportati venivano stipati in vagoni merci senza finestre né posti a sedere. Il lungo viaggio verso i campi di concentramento ad Est era una vera tortura e i più deboli perivano ancor prima di giungere a destinazione.

Anni ’40 del secolo scorso: bambini reclusi nel campo di concentramento di Auschwitz.

Olocausto

Una rosa posata sul monumento dedicato alle vittime dell’Olocausto a Berlino. Circa 6 milioni di ebrei persero la vita nei campi di sterminio nazisti.

Stella di David

Gli ebrei dovevano portare una stella di David sugli abiti in modo da essere riconoscibili. Si trattava di un atroce marchio che rendeva gli ebrei diversi e inavvicinabili.

Giornata della memoria

Il primo e più famoso fumetto ideato per raccontare la Shoah è “Maus” di Art Spiegelman, un artista svedese naturalizzato americano.  Spiegelman racconta la storia di suo papà sopravvissuto ai lager. È un libro per i più grandi tra di voi, in cui i protagonisti sono rappresentati da animali: gli ebrei sono disegnati come topi (perché per i nazisti erano esseri inferiori), i nazisti sono gatti, i francesi rane, i polacchi maiali e gli americani cani.

Il 27 gennaio è la Giornata della Memoria. Un giorno nato per ricordare le vittime dell’Olocausto e, soprattutto, per interrogarsi sul perché della Shoah e della discriminazione dell’uomo contro altri uomini. Ecco cosa dovete conoscere per capire.

  • La Giornata della Memoria
  • Cos’è un genocidio?
  • Il perché della Giornata della Memoria
  • Libri e fumetti per conoscere e comprendere

LA GIORNATA DELLA MEMORIA

Ogni anno, nel mondo, il 27 gennaio si celebra la Giornata della Memoria, la ricorrenza durante la quale vengono ricordati 15 milioni di vittime dell’Olocausto (cifra emersa dallo studio dell’Holocaust Memorial Museum di Washington rinchiusi e uccisi nei campi di sterminio nazisti prima e durante la Seconda Guerra mondialeSei milioni di di queste vittime innocenti appartenevano al popolo ebraico: il loro genocidio viene chiamato Shoah.

COS’È UN GENOCIDIO?

Vengono chiamati genocidio gli atti commessi dall’uomo con l’intenzione di distruggere un gruppo nazionale, etnico, razziale o religioso.

L’Olocausto e la Shoah sono stati genocidio con metodi scientifici, messo in atto da parte della Germania nazista fino al 27 gennaio 1945, quando i carri armati dell’esercito sovietico sfondano i cancelli del campo di concentramento di Auschwitz in Polonia. Da quel giorno, questo campo è diventato il luogo simbolo della discriminazione e delle sofferenze di chi è stato internato solo perché ebreo o zingaro o omosessuale o anche, semplicemente, perché si trattava di una persona con idee politiche diverse da quelle di chi era al potere.

Ricordare le vittime di quegli anni lontani può sembrare qualcosa che non vi tocca direttamente (forse nemmeno i vostri nonni ne sono stati testimoni), in realtà non è così.

IL PERCHÉ DELLA GIORNATA DELLA MEMORIA

La Giornata della Memoria non serve solo a commemorare quei milioni di persone uccise crudelmente e senza nessuna pietà ormai quasi 80 anni fa. Serve a ricordare che ogni giorno esistono tante piccole discriminazioni verso chi ci sembra diverso da noi. Spesso noi stessi ne siamo gli autori, senza rendercene conto.

La Giornata della Memoria ci ricorda che verso queste discriminazioni non alziamo abbastanza la voce e che spesso, per comodità e opportunismo, ci nascondiamo  in quella che gli storici chiamano la zona grigia. Si tratta di una zona della mente e del nostro comportamento, a metà tra il bianco e il nero, tra l’innocenza e la colpevolezza. In questa zona ad avere la meglio, alla fine, è l’indifferenza per chi viene isolato e non accettato. 

Per evitare che una tragedia come quella dell’Olocausto si ripeta occorre ricordare e soprattutto capire. Uno strumento importante per farlo è quello di ascoltare la viva voce dei testimoni e di chi è stato direttamente coinvolto negli avvenimenti.

LIBRI E FUMETTI PER CONOSCERE E COMPRENDERE

Un altro modo per capire cosa è successo in maniera chiara è leggere un libro o un fumetto. Forse non lo sapete ma esistono tantissimi fumetti che raccontano l’Olocausto. Il più famoso, nonché il primo, è Maus di Art Spiegelman, un artista svedese naturalizzato americano.  Spiegelman racconta la storia di suo papà sopravvissuto ai lager. È un libro per i più grandi tra di voi, in cui i protagonisti sono rappresentati da animali: gli ebrei sono disegnati come topi (perché per i nazisti erano esseri inferiori), i nazisti sono gatti, i francesi rane, i polacchi maiali e gli americani cani.

La scelta di usare personaggi animali al posto degli uomini è fatta per ricordarci come la discriminazione non renda più umani ma, al contrario, disumanizzi le vittime. E soprattutto per indicarci come sia facile “generalizzare”. Un po’ come quando pronunciamo frasi a cui non diamo peso come: “tanto tutti sono…”.

Un altro fumetto che vi consigliamo di leggere è La stella di Esther, di Eric Heuvel, Ruud Van der Rol e Lies Schippers. In questo racconto disegnato la protagonista, ormai nonna, racconta alla nipotina e a un’amica di quando lasciò la Germania per l’Olanda, costretta a nascondersi per non finire deportata, con la famiglia, nei campi di concentramento. Nel fumetto, Esther racconta la quotidiana discriminazione e il progressivo isolamento che ha subito pur essendo fuggita per salvarsi.

Chiudiamo questo articolo con il racconto che Liliana Segre (sopravvissuta al lager di Auschwitz e il 18 gennaio scorso nominata senatrice a vita dal presidente della Repubblica Sergio Mattarella), ha fatto ai ragazzi il 27 Gennaio del 2012 al conservatorio di Milano. Pensate, cari focusini: questa donna è una dei 776  bambini italiani più piccoli dei 14 anni che furono deportati nel campo di concentramento di Auschwitz. Oltre a lei, solo altri 24 bambini tornarono a casa vivi, alla fine della Seconda Guerra mondiale.

Infine, tra i tanti film dedicati alla tragedia dell’ Olocausto e della Shoah vi consigliamo Storia di una ladra di libri, che racconta di una bambina, Liesel,  a cui il papà insegna a leggere. E di come lei si innamori della lettura e inizi una nuova vita fatta di libri… rubati e dell’amicizia con un ragazzo ebreo nascosto nella sua cantina per sfuggire alle persecuzioni.

Fonte: https://www.focusjunior.it/scuola/storia/giorno-della-memoria-risorse-per-capire-cosa-sono-stati-la-shoah-e-l-olocausto/

Learn Italian

TOP 10 REASONS WHY EVERYBODY SHOULD LEARN ITALIAN

Italian Is The Most Studied Language In The World For Culture And Pleasure!

Italian ranks as the fourth most studied language in US colleges and high schools, where the enrolment rate for Italian classes is growing 20% faster than for any other language.

Here are some of the reasons why so many people choose to learn Italian:

Italy is “the cradle of Western civilization

Study art history in the land that inspired Michelangelo. Read La Divina Commedia in the words of Dante.  Walk the streets where Archimedes ran naked shouting Eureka!

A recent UNESCO report states that over 60% of the world’s art treasures are to be found in Italy. Italian language is key to study and research in the fields of art history, literature, archaeology and philosophy.

Italian is for musician and music lovers

Why did Mozart compose so many of his masterpieces in Italian rather than in German?  Have you ever wondered what Luciano Pavarotti is singing when he belts out a phrase in a high C?

Knowing Italian enables you to better appreciate and enjoy classical music. Musicians and opera singers consider it a key professional skill.

Italian is for food(and food lovers)

Impress your date by ordering with confidence at an authentic Italian restaurant!

Italy is the culinary leader of the world and the increased popularity of the language reflects the growing obsession with Italian food.

Moreover, Italian is the language with the highest number of words for naming food, restaurants, dishes and produce!

Italian is for business

A recent study by KPMG  has shown that “Made in Italy” is the third most recognized brand in the world after Coca Cola and Visa.

Italian brands such as Benetton, Barilla, Ferrari, Lavazza, Armani, and many more are renowned throughout the world for the exceptional quality of their products.

 Italy is today one of the top economies in the world, with many employers seeking people who speak Italian. Over 7,000 American firms do business with Italy and over a thousand US companies have offices in Italy, including Chrysler, General Electric, ExonMobil, IBM, and Citibank. On the other hand, numerous Italian companies have offices in the US.

Italy is the home of fashion and design

Italy is the world’s hub when it comes to fashion and design.

A knowledge of Italian allows you to study the original work of renowned Italian designers such as Versace, Gucci, Armani, Benetton, and Prada, to name but a few, and find employment at one of the world famous Italian fashion houses.

Italy is for movie buffs

Stop relying on subtitles and appreciate the original language when watching movies by Italian directors, from the classics of Tornatore, Visconti or Pasolini to the recent masterpieces by Sorrentino and Benigni.

Italian is for family

Trace your Italian roots, interpret public records and enjoy a fluent conversation with your Italian-born cousins and grandparents.

Italian for polyglots

In the words of Nelson Mandela “If you talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you talk to him in his own language, that goes to his heart”.

Of all the romance languages, Italian is the closest to Latin and  it is estimated that 60% of English words derive from Latin. Learning Italian will make any other romance language, including Spanish, French, Portuguese and Romanian, more approachable and easier to learn.

Italian classes taken in the past will take on new meaning during a study abroad experience in Italy, when vocabulary learnt will surface and the language will come to life.

Italian is a healthy choice

Italian is an incredibly beautiful and intricate language and studies show that learning a new language increases analytical thinking skills.

Studying a foreign language stimulates the brain, by boosting problem solving skills and improving  memory.

Italian is the most romantic of the roman languages!

Over the centuries Italian has come to merit its reputation as the language of art, love and seduction. Could Romeo and Juliet have spoken any other language?

The majority of students of Italian are fascinated by the musicality of the language, the simplicity of its sounds and the charm of its words. When words do not suffice, Italians are masters in the use of hand gestures and facial expressions, which break down all communication barriers.

Learn Spanish

Why Learn Spanish?

Learning any new tongue is a challenge that can open up your mind to new perspectives and help you connect with all types of people across boundaries of land and language. The reasons to learn Spanish are especially true. Here are just a few of the reasons why spending time learning Spanish is a great idea:

  • build new connections with hundreds of millions of people across the world
  • get a leg up in learning about other related languages, including English
  • experience culture and history of the Spanish-speaking world through a linguistic lens
  • spruce up your Spanish business skills to help you compete in the global economy
  • travel to and even live in Spanish-speaking countries with confidence
  • stimulate your brain and keep your mental muscles sharp

Reasons To Learn Spanish

Picking up a new skill can help you express your creativity, stimulate your mind, and discover new sides of yourself along the way. Learning a new language like Spanish is no exception! Here are just a few of the many ways learning Spanish will have a positive impact on your life.

  • Build Your Business Spanish Skills — If you’re a professional looking for ways to stay competitive and current in the global market, learning a new language — especially Spanish — is a no-brainer for success. Latin and South America are emerging markets full of opportunity for businesses. Learning the Spanish language is a fantastic way to connect with colleagues in other countries, score new clients, build strong relationships with Spanish-speaking partners and investors, and to show off the multicultural, international, and inclusive nature of your brand.
  • Use Language To Train Your Brain — Picking up a new language is an especially sound way to keep your brain flexible and nimble, especially as you grow older. Don’t give in to the argument that you’re somehow worse at learning languages after your youth! Picking up a new language is more than just memorizing lists of vocab (though you’ll certainly sharpen your lexical recall along the way). It involves making connections between those words and what they represent, spontaneously speaking and thinking on your feet, sticking with a challenge when it’s frustrating and confusing, and a whole lot of active listening. If you’ve been lacking intellectual stimulation, there are few better ways to exercise your mental muscles than by learning Spanish.
  • Immerse Yourself In Spanish Culture, Unfiltered — Learning Spanish opens you up not only to a better understanding of the language itself but also of the arts and culture of the world that speaks it. To read the literature of decorated Spanish-speaking authors like Gabriel García Marquez, Jorge Luis Borges, and Pablo Neruda is to engage with the language in some of its most beautiful and poetic expressions. Through the lens of Spanish you get a look into the lyrics of classic flamenco songs and a more active immersion in more contemporary Spanish-language media like Spanish podcastsradio showsbooks, and TV shows. The stories and recipes of world-renowned culinary creations, the dialogue of famous Latin American and Spanish films, and the most sweeping currents in Spanish-language journalism all become accessible to you when you learn the Spanish language. And if you’re from a family with Spanish-speaking elders and ancestors but you don’t know the language yourself, learning Spanish is an excellent way to connect with your heritage.
  • Learn Spanish For Travel — When you have Spanish in your back pocket, you have a passport to a whole new world. Learning Spanish not only means you’ll be able to navigate new cities by reading road signs, menus, and train tickets; it also lets you connect with the new people you meet there. It’s often said that the best way to explore a new place is through the eyes of a local, and learning Spanish lets you branch out of tourist hotspots and into the real world as the native speakers see it. Whether it’s the beaches of Barcelona, the many streets of Mexico City, the Incan ruins in Peru or anywhere else Spanish is an official language, you’ll be more equipped to venture off the beaten path when you have Spanish in your linguistic repertoire.
  • Live The Spanish Language Abroad In Spain And Latin America — Whether you’re looking to enroll at a foreign Spanish-speaking university and have a more alternative college experience, find a job at a hostel that lets you surf by day and work at night, or retire in a more tranquil, tropical climate, living abroad is hands down the best hands-on approach to getting the most immersive language experience possible. By placing yourself in an environment where you’re obligated to speak Spanish — like if you live in Spain, for example — you’ll fast-track your journey to Spanish fluency. Learning Spanish is a gateway to a robust, colorful, and novel life adventure!

Source: https://www.babbel.com/learn-spanish#whylearn

How to Say the Months, Days, and Seasons in Japanese

There is no capitalization in Japanese. Months are basically numbers (1 through 12) + gatsu, which means, literally, “month” in English. So, to say the months of the year, you generally say the number of the month, followed by gatsu. But, there are exceptions: Pay attention to April, July, and September. April is shi-gatsu, not yon-gatsu, July is shichi-gatsu, not nana-gatsu, and September is ku-gatsu, not kyuu-gatsu.

The audio files in the lists below provide verbal guides on how to pronounce the months, days, and seasons in Japanese. Click the link for each Japanese word, phrase or sentence to hear the correct pronunciation.

The Months in Japanese

For this list of months, the English name of the month is printed on the left, followed by the romaji, or transliteration into English letters of the Japanese word for the month, followed by the name of the month written with Japanese letters. To hear the pronunciation of the month in Japanese, click the link for the transliteration of the month, underlined in blue.

MonthJapaneseCharacters
Januaryichi-gatsu一月
Februaryni-gatsu二月
Marchsan-gatsu三月
Aprilshi-gatsu四月
Maygo-gatsu五月
Juneroku-gatsu六月
Julyshichi-gatsu七月
Augusthachi-gatsu八月
Septemberku-gatsu九月
Octoberjuu-gatsu十月
Novemberjuuichi-gatsu十一月
Decemberjuuni-gatsu十二月

The Days of the Week in Japanese

As with the section above, detailing how to pronounce the months, in this section, you can learn how to say the days of the week in Japanese. The name of the day is printed in English on the left, followed by the transliteration in Japanese, followed by the day written with Japanese letters. To hear how a specific day is pronounced in Japanese, click the link for the transliteration, which is underlined in blue.

DayJapaneseCharacters
Sundaynichiyoubi日曜日
Mondaygetsuyoubi月曜日
Tuesdaykayoubi火曜日
Wednesdaysuiyoubi水曜日
Thursdaymokuyoubi木曜日
Fridaykinyoubi金曜日
Saturdaydoyoubi土曜日

It’s important to know key phrases if you plan to visit Japan. The question below is written in English, followed by the transliteration in Japanese, followed by the question written in Japanese letters. 

What day is it today?

Kyou wa nan youbi desu ka.

今日は何曜日ですか。

The Four Seasons in Japanese

In any language, it’s helpful to know the names of the seasons of the year. As in the previous sections, the names of the seasons, as well as the words, “four seasons,” are printed on the left, followed by the transliteration in Japanese, followed by the names of the seasons written in Japanese letters. To hear the pronunciation of a particular season in Japanese, click the link words for the transliteration, which are underlined in blue.

SeasonJapaneseCharacters
four seasonsshiki四季
Springharu
Summernatsu
Autumnaki
Winterfuyu

It’s interesting to note that kisetsu means “season” or “the season” in Japanese, as noted in this sentence. For example, to ask: Which season do you like best? You would say:

  • Dono kisetsu ga ichiban suki desu ka.  > どの季節が一番好きですか。

Yet, “four seasons” has its own word in Japanese,shiki, as noted above. This is just one of the many ways in which Japanese differs from English—but it provides a fascinating look at how these Western and Eastern cultures even describe something as basic as the four seasons differently.

Source: https://www.thoughtco.com/how-to-say-the-months-and-days-in-japanese-2028134

Torta al cioccolato col Bimby

Torta al cioccolato

Tempo 4 min

Difficoltà Facile

Quantità Stampo da 24 cm

Ingredienti

250 g cioccolato al latte

4 uova

80 g zucchero semolato

150 g farina 00

100 g(fuso) burro

1 bustina lievito per dolci

Passi

1 Mettere nel boccale il cioccolato a pezzi: 15 sec. vel. 8.

2 Aggiungere le uova, lo zucchero, la farina e il burro: 30sec. vel. 5.

3 Raccogliere sul fondo e aggiungere il lievito: 20sec. vel. 4.

4 Trasferire il composto nello stampo, imburrato e infarinato.

5 Infornare in forno preriscaldato statico a 160° per 20 minuti e poi a 170° altri 20 minuti.

6 Sfornare, lasciar raffreddare, a piacere cospargere di zucchero a velo e servire.

Photos: Ines Palumbo

THE 46TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Joe Biden marks start of presidency with flurry of executive orders

Some orders undo significant actions from Trump administration, including the Paris climate agreement, while others address Covid

Joe Biden has marked the start of his presidency by signing a flurry of executive orders on a suite of issues, including Covid-19, the environment, immigration and ethics.

Some of the executive actions undo significant actions from Donald Trump’s administration, including halting the travel ban from Muslim-majority countries, and ending the declaration of a national emergency used to justify funding construction of a wall on the US-Mexico border.Biden returns US to Paris climate accord hours after becoming presidentRead more

He also signed an order allowing the United States to rejoin the Paris climate agreement and end the Trump administration’s efforts to exclude undocumented immigrants from the census data used to determine how many seats in Congress each state gets.

The president also moved quickly to address Covid-19, signing orders to mandate mask wearing and social distancing in federal buildings and lands and to create a position of a Covid-19 response coordinator.

In other moves, Biden also revoked the permit granted for the controversial Keystone XL pipeline and instructed all executive agencies to review executive actions that were “damaging to the environment, [or] unsupported by the best available science”. Biden also ordered all executive branch employees to sign an ethics pledge and placed limits on their ability to lobby the government while he is in office. The new president also ordered federal agencies to review equity in their existing policies and come up with a plan in 200 days to address inequality in them.

On his first day in office, Biden signed 17 executive actions – 15 will be executive orders.

As he began signing the orders, Biden, wearing a mask and seated behind the resolute desk said: “I think some of the things we’re going to be doing are bold and vital, and there’s no time to start like today.”

It’s not unusual for an incoming president to take executive action immediately after being sworn into office, a move meant to show the nation that the newly inaugurated president is getting to work. But the breadth and volume of Biden’s immediate executive orders underscore how quickly the new president intends to move in addressing the Covid-19 pandemic and turning the page from the Trump administration.

“These executive actions will make an immediate impact in the lives of so many people in desperate need of help,” Wade Henderson, the interim president and CEO of the Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights, said in a statement. “Reversing Trump’s deeply discriminatory Muslim ban, addressing the Covid-19 crisis, preventing evictions and foreclosures, and advancing equity and support for communities of color and other underserved communities are significant early actions that represent an important first step in charting a new direction for our country.”

Kamala Harris swears in Raphael Warnock, Alex Padilla and Jon Ossoff on the floor of the Senate.
Kamala Harris swears in Raphael Warnock, Alex Padilla and Jon Ossoff on the floor of the Senate. Photograph: AP

The flurry of activity from Biden came on the same day that Democrats formally took control of the US Senate as the Rev Raphael Warnock and Jon Ossoff were formally sworn in as the two senators from Georgia. Chuck Schumer, the Democratic senator from New York, is now the Senate majority leader, while Mitch McConnell, the Kentucky Republican, is now the minority leader.

Speaking from the Senate floor Schumer was momentarily breathless, saying: “We have turned the page to a new chapter in the history of our democracy and I am full of hope.”

McConnell, in his first remarks as the minority leader, also focused on a message of unity.

“Our country deserves for both sides, both parties, to find common ground for the common good everywhere we can and disagree respectfully where we must,” he said. “The people intentionally trusted both political parties with significant power to shape our nation’s direction.”

Obama, Clinton and Bush congratulate Biden on presidency – video

He also praised Kamala Harris’ historic achievement after she was sworn in as America’s first female vice-president.

“All citizens can applaud the fact that this new three-word phrase ‘Madam vice-president’ is now a part of our American lexicon,” McConnell said.

Looming on the horizon is the second impeachment trial for Trump, who the US voted to impeach earlier this month. In addition to Covid-19 relief, Democrats are also expected to push legislation dealing with immigration reform and voting rights.

Even though Democrats have a majority of votes in the Senate, they still face significant obstacles to get them through. That’s because Senate rules require 60 votes to overcome a filibuster, a procedural move that can be used to halt legislation. Some progressives have called for ending the practice, which would allow Democrats to pursue sweeping legislation without GOP support, but it’s unclear if the party will do that.

INES MEANING

Etymology & Historical Origin of the Name Ines

Ines is another variation of Agnes (mainly French, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish). The French render the name as Inès while in Spanish the accent mark goes the opposite direction (Inés). The Portuguese write Inês and the English (when used) render the name unaccented or spell it Inez. The name’s original root, Agnes, is the Latinized form of the Greek name Hagnē (Ἁγνὴ), derived from “hagnos” meaning “chaste, pure”. Enduring usage of Agnes/Ines is owed almost entirely to an early 4th century saint, one of the so-called “virgin-martyrs”, Agnes of Rome. St. Agnes holds the distinction of being one of only seven female saints (excluding the Virgin Mary) commemorated in the Canon of the Holy Mass (the other six are: Cecilia, Agatha, Lucy, Perpetua, Felicity and Anastasia). Born to the Roman aristocracy c. 291, Agnes was not only educated and wealthy, but she was also said to be quite beautiful and not without her share of many male admirers. However, the “chaste” Agnes, a girl of about 13, refused to marry anyone, as she had already given herself over to Christ as His bride. One of her rejected suitors angrily turned her into the Roman authorities, essentially “outing” her as a Christian (illegal in the then-pagan Roman Empire), and she was consequently sentenced to death. However, since it was against Roman law to execute a virgin, Agnes was dragged to a brothel in an attempt to deflower her. According to legend, the Holy Spirit interceded and all sorts of miraculous circumstances prevented her rape (she grew hair all over her body, the men were struck blind before they could attack her, and so forth). As with many early saints, a cult grew up around Agnes/Ines in the Middle Ages and so the name spread throughout Christian Europe; a particular favorite among royalty and noblewomen. Adding further dimension to this age-old name is the fact that “agnus” is the Latin word for “lamb” (so you often see St. Agnes depicted with a lamb by her side or in her arms). Inès remains a highly popular name in France and Inés is extremely common in Spain. This cosmopolitan-cool name is also used with a fair amount of regularity in Belgium, Catalonia and Sweden.

Personality

The Number 2 personality in numerology is all about cooperation and balance. It’s the number of diplomats and mediators. They are not leaders, but strive rather for harmony in partnerships. These are the peacemakers. Equality and fairness are important in their dealings, and they are willing to share power and responsibility to achieve a harmonious outcome. This personality is calm and patient, waiting for things to evolve instead of pushing aggressively for an outcome. They are good-natured and easy-going, and care deeply on an emotional and spiritual plane. Twos appreciate beauty and nature and are intent on making the world a better place.

Popularity

Inez has always been the preferred spelling of Ines in the United States. However, today, neither one of these names is on America’s Top 1000 list nor given to even 100 baby girls per year. Similarly, Agnes is no longer on the charts. Still, we feel that Ines is a cosmopolitan name since it continues to be used with much enthusiasm throughout Europe (as well as Latin America). It’s a simple name with a pretty pronunciation and far less harsh than old Agnes. The etymology is probably a little too old-fashioned by today’s standards, but Ines/Agnes will always be a favorite among devout Roman Catholics.

Quick Facts

GENDER: Girl

ORIGIN: French

NUMBER OF SYLLABLES: 2

RANKING POPULARITY: N/A

PRONUNCIATION: ee-NES

SIMPLE MEANING: Chaste, pure

Characteristics

Cooperative
Considerate
Compassionate
Nurturing
Sensitive
Patient
Loving
Kind
Gracious
Balanced

Famous People

As a first name, it is used by:

As a middle name:

Sources:

https://ohbabynames.com/all-baby-names/ines/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ines_(name)

The Words of Martin Luther King Jr. Reverberate in a Tumultuous Time

Martin Luther King Jr. was born in Atlanta, Georgia on January 15th, 1929. He was a pivotal advocate for African Americans during the Civil Rights Movement in the United States.
King experienced racism from an early age, and those events stayed with and eventually brought him to a life of activism. After graduating college with a doctorate degree in theology, King became a pastor in Alabama. He began a series of peaceful protests in the south that eventually changed many laws dealing with the equality of African Americans. King gave hundreds of moving speeches across the country, and in 1964 was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
On April 4th, 1968,  Dr. King was shot and killed while in Memphis, Tennessee. Although his life ended that day, the work that he had accomplished changed the nation. King will be remembered not only for his commitment to the cause of equality for African Americans but also for his profound speeches that moved so many.
MLK Jr.’s words were spoken with hope that the future for African Americans would be brighter and that they would finally be given the equality they deserved.
The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. waving to the crowd during the March on Washington in 1963 at the Lincoln Memorial, where he gave his “I Have a Dream” speech.
The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. waving to the crowd during the March on Washington in 1963 at the Lincoln Memorial, where he gave his “I Have a Dream” speech.Credit…Central Press/Getty Images

By Audra D. S. BurchJohn Eligon and Michael Wines

He lived and died in a time of tumult and a racial awakening, so perhaps it is no surprise that the 35th national celebration of the life and legacy of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. on Monday has particular resonance amid one of the most traumatic seasons in memory: A raging pandemic. Protest and civil unrest after the killing of Black people by the police. A momentous election. And an insurrection.

Even the title of his final book — “Where Do We Go From Here: Chaos or Community?” — seems ripped from today’s headlines.

“I think it’s still an unanswered question,” said Clayborne Carson, a history professor at Stanford University, referring to the title of Dr. King’s book.

“I think the most important word in that question is ‘we’ — who are we, and until you figure that out, it’s very hard to tell where we are going,” said Dr. Carson, who is also the founder and director of the Martin Luther King Jr. Research and Education Institute, which is publishing a collection of Dr. King’s papers.

Amid the change and upheaval, the words of Dr. King, both those celebrated and the less familiar, feel more urgent then perhaps ever before, both as a guide and a warning. From oft-quoted speeches to the words he never had a chance to deliver before his assassination, Dr. King talked about his vision of a just world, about the power of peaceful protests, and about disruption as the language of the unseen and the unheard.

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We asked Dr. Carson and others from across the country to choose words from Dr. King and reflect on how they resonate today. Here’s what they had to say.

“Now, let me say as I move to my conclusion that we’ve got to give ourselves to this struggle until the end. Nothing would be more tragic than to stop at this point, in Memphis. We’ve got to see it through.”

— from the last speech given by Dr. King, on April 3, 1968, in Memphis, the day before he was assassinated.

The Rev. Dr. William Barber II, a chairman of the Poor People’s Campaign, said Dr. King’s words spoke to the daunting challenge that civil rights leaders faced helping the poor and marginalized. He drew a parallel to today’s challenges of systemic racism, ecological devastation and a lack of access to health care.

The election of a Democratic president, he said, is no reason to slow down.

“It’s not enough to have an election and put new people into office,” Dr. Barber said. “We must push and continue to push for the kind of public policy that really establishes justice.”

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“We really must now go about the business of lifting up those who are poor and those without health care,” he added. “That’s the only way we can heal the nation — we have to heal the body.”

Dr. King, center, with (from left to right) Mathew Ahmann, Floyd McKissick, Eugene Carson Blake and Cleveland Robinson during the March on Washington.
Dr. King, center, with (from left to right) Mathew Ahmann, Floyd McKissick, Eugene Carson Blake and Cleveland Robinson during the March on Washington.Credit…Robert W. Kelley/The LIFE Picture Collection, via Getty Images

“The arc of the moral universe is long, but it bends toward justice.”

— from Dr. King’s speech at the Washington National Cathedral on March 31, 1968.

Connie Field said Dr. King’s quote had guided much of her work as an award-winning documentary filmmaker.RACE/RELATED: A deep and provocative exploration of race, identity and society with New York Times journalists.Sign Up

“Dr. King presented a vision of an equal, multiracial society,” she said. “He presented a vision of economic equality. And he presented a vision of a political struggle that’s nonviolent. Those are three things that we can all try to live by and strive for today.”

She added: “What’s going on in the United States, what we witnessed on Jan. 6, all has to do with a backlash to the fact that our world is changing. It’s going on here in America; it’s going on in Europe. We’re becoming a more intertwined world, a more multicultural world. That’s the trajectory of history, and there’s no going back on that. That quote completely underscores everything I’m talking about — a just world is an equal world, equal no matter what our race is.”

“Even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream. I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.”

— from Dr. King’s “I Have a Dream” speech at the March on Washington on Aug. 28, 1963.

Bernard Lafayette, 80, recalled the words from the “I Have a Dream” speech as a reminder that the turmoil the country is witnessing today “is not the way things have to be, and it’s not something we have to accept,” but should be understood as another step on the long journey that Dr. King described, with each shift connected to the events that precede it.

The violence at the Capitol, he said, reflected the fear from some members of our society that they were losing political power.

“You have to ask the question, ‘What are these people afraid of?’ Well, they are afraid they would lose power, they would lose control and the election in Georgia exacerbated that,” he said. “These fears that are being perpetrated, they’re really false fears, because no one is going to take anything away from them.”

Marchers gathered in Washington in August for an event celebrating the 57th anniversary of the March on Washington where Dr. King made his “I Have a Dream” speech.
Marchers gathered in Washington in August for an event celebrating the 57th anniversary of the March on Washington where Dr. King made his “I Have a Dream” speech.Credit…Christopher Lee for The New York Times

“I may not get there with you, but I want you to know tonight, that we, as a people, will get to the Promised Land.”

— from Dr. King speech in Memphis on April 3, 1968, a day before he was assassinated.

Rutha Mae Harris, 80, of Albany, Ga., said she believed Dr. King’s speeches often warned of the kind of conflict that unfolded in Washington on Jan. 6. Ms. Harris, who marched with Dr. King during the civil rights era, recalled, in particular, the famous speech he gave in Memphis a day before he was killed.

“With the rhetoric of Trump, I myself knew that something would happen,” she said. “This had been building up for four years.” She said Dr. King was a man of vision, but that the vision captured the darkness as well as the light. She noted, “He said, ‘I might not get there with you,’ and, of course, you can read in between the lines.”

“Why America May Go to Hell”

— title of a sermon that Dr. King had planned to deliver at his church on Sunday, April 7, 1968.

For the Rev. Amos C. Brown, the pastor of Third Baptist Church, a historically Black church in San Francisco founded in 1852, the words of Dr. King that come to mind this year are the ones he never had a chance to speak.

When he was assassinated, Dr. King had been planning to give a sermon, he said, called “Why America May Go to Hell.” In the sermon, Dr. King planned to warn that the country needed to use its vast resources to end poverty, and to offer all of God’s children the necessities of life.

The hell that Dr. King stood against is still deeply embedded in America today, said Mr. Brown, who is attending the inauguration as a guest of Vice President-elect Kamala Harris (who attends his church).

“We are about to fall over the precipice into, figuratively speaking, hell in this nation — sure, we ought to be concerned about what’s going on now,” he said, referring to the attack on the Capitol. “But people are just now beginning to experience what Black folk have gone through since the Atlantic slave trade began. Hell.”

A view of the audience over Dr. King’s shoulder as he delivered a speech at the Gillfield Baptist Church, in Petersburg, Va., in 1960.
A view of the audience over Dr. King’s shoulder as he delivered a speech at the Gillfield Baptist Church, in Petersburg, Va., in 1960.Credit…Howard Sochurek/The LIFE Picture Collection, via Getty Images

“We must learn to live together as brothers or perish together as fools.”

— from Dr. King’s speech in St. Louis on March 22, 1964.

For Antwan T. Lang, a member of the Chatham County Board of Elections in Savannah, Ga., Dr. King’s words meant we cannot be afraid to learn from one another and understand our differences and similarities.

“My hope is that one day white America will understand that we harvest no hate, but we want to be seen not as a Black man, Black entrepreneur, Black superintendent, Black doctor, Black lawyer, Black teacher, Black insurance agent, Black funeral director, but as a human being wanting to freely be ourselves without having to walk on eggshells in fear of becoming a statistic,” he said.

“It is clear to me that our protest and our plea to America is that we want to be free, to simply be a human being with real feelings, emotions, dreams and goals,” Mr. Lang said, “to be able to live long enough to accomplish those goals, dreams and ambitions.”

“Oh no, Brother Gray. This is no ploy at all. If we are to succeed, I am now convinced that an absolutely nonviolent method must be ours amid the vast hostilities we face.”

— Dr. King’s response in 1955 to a suggestion that his nonviolence tactics were for attention.

Fred D. Gray was the lawyer who represented Rosa Parks, Dr. King and the Montgomery Improvement Association during the Montgomery bus boycott in 1955, the event that inaugurated the 20th century’s civil rights movement. The quote, found in Mr. Gray’s account of that battle, “Bus Ride to Justice,” was Dr. King’s response to a suggestion that his commitment to nonviolence was a ploy to gain attention in the press.

“I became a lawyer so I could use the law for the purpose of destroying every act of segregation that I could find,” Mr. Gray said. “There were other people whose roles were to make speeches, and others who demonstrated, but you had to put it all together and do it in a nonviolent fashion.”

Regarding the protests over the past year against killings of unarmed African-Americans by police officers, Mr. Gray said: “I think we’re going to have to go back to what Martin said about nonviolence and social change. All the things that Dr. King did, all the things we did in the Montgomery bus boycott were to get rid of racism and inequality. We were able to do a little bit, but not do it all.”

Ellen Barry, Elizabeth Dias and Richard Fausset contributed reporting. Susan C. Beachy contributed research.

John Eligon is a Kansas City-based national correspondent covering race. He previously worked as a reporter in Sports and Metro, and his work has taken him to Nelson Mandela’s funeral in South Africa and the Winter Olympics in Turin. @jeligon

Michael Wines writes about voting and other election-related issues. Since joining The Times in 1988, he has covered the Justice Department, the White House, Congress, Russia, southern Africa, China and various other topics.  @miwine

Sources: https://www.keepinspiring.me/martin-luther-king-jr-quotes/