Where Will Debris from China’s Falling Space Station Land? Here’s the Latest Update

 

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 While it’s still hard to predict exactly when and where the doomed Chinese space station Tiangong-1 will fall this weekend, the latest prediction from Aerospace Corp. says the debris will most likely descend into the Pacific Ocean Sunday (April 1).

As of late Friday, Tiangong-1 was predicted to fall from space on Sunday at 12:15 p.m. EDT (1615 GMT), give or take 9 hours. Earlier in the day, when the space station’s fall was forecast for 12 p.m. EDT on Sunday, an expert told Space.com that earlier prediction would have seen Tiangong-1 begin its re-entry over Malaysia, and rain debris downrange into the Pacific Ocean.because the space station is moving in its orbit across the equator, toward the north.

“It should be a show for anybody on a boat,” Aerospace Corp.’s Ted Muelhaupt told Space.com. He runs a center for orbit and re-entry debris studies at the California nonprofit research organization, which is tracking the descent of Tiangong-1. [Track Tiangong-1! Use Our Satellite Tracker Here by N2YO]

Real-time tracking information for Tiangong-1 is available here from Aerospace Corp.’s Center for Orbital and Debris Reentry Studies.

TheAerospaceCorp

@AerospaceCorp

Our current prediction of the reentry is April 1 at 16:15 UTC ± 9 hours. Further updates can be found here: http://www.aerospace.org/cords/reentry-predictions/tiangong-1-reentry/ 

Muelhaupt said people around Malaysia can expect to see fireballs similar in magnitude to the spectacular planned breakup of ATV-1 “Jules Verne,” a European cargo freighter that returned from the International Space Station in 2008. In 2015, ESA published a video from a chase plane showing the dramatic, fiery breakup of ATV-1 over the Pacific Ocean. ATV-1 was similar in mass to Tiangong-1, which is 9.4 tons (8.5 metric tons).

While the amount of space debris generated from Tiangong-1 is tough to predict, roughly 220 to 440 lbs. (100 to 200 kg) may survive the fall through the atmosphere, Harvard astrophysicist Jonathan McDowell told Space.com sister site Live Science. That’s less material than what was left behind after the 1979 breakup of the 100-ton (90.7 metric ton) Skylab, which unexpectedly threw debris into rural Australia during re-entry.

China's first space station Tiangong-1, shown here in an artist's illustration, is expected to fall to Earth around April 1, 2018.

China’s first space station Tiangong-1, shown here in an artist’s illustration, is expected to fall to Earth around April 1, 2018.

Credit: China Manned Space Engineering Office

Although the Pacific Ocean is the most likely location for Tiangong-1’s demise, Muelhaupt emphasized it’s hard to say where the station will re-enter Earth’s atmosphere. The station is constantly orbiting Earth at an inclination between 43 degrees north and 43 degrees south latitudes, which includes the United States and much of the civilized world.

“The probability along the ground track is still pretty flat for the entire length of the track,” he explained. This means that although Malaysia is where the probability of re-entry peaks, it’s only a low spike compared to all of the other predicted points of re-entry.

At this point, Aerospace Corp. is more comfortable saying where the station likely will not re-enter; the Amazon, for example, is a “pretty safe” location, Muelhaupt said. He compared the situation to trying to predict the odds of who will won a lottery.

“One of the things about probability — just because you bought two lottery tickets, doesn’t mean you have a much higher probability of winning than someone who bought one,” Muelhaupt said. He added that the chance of any particular location “winning” the Tiangong-1 re-entry lottery — of experiencing space debris from the falling space station — is extraordinarily low. But as geographical regions of possible space debris are eliminated, the other locations on Earth will have a slightly higher probability of debris.

As Tiangong-1 descends closer to Earth, predictions of its fall location will improve. No one will know for sure where the space station will fall, however, until it actually comes down. “By tomorrow afternoon, we’ll probably know within two to three orbits where it will come in,” Muelhaupt said. [Chinese Space Station’s Crash to Earth: Everything You Need to Know]

This map by the European Space Agency shows the area in which China's Tiangong-1 space station could fall (shown in green) around April 1, 2018.
This map by the European Space Agency shows the area in which China’s Tiangong-1 space station could fall (shown in green) around April 1, 2018.

Credit: European Space Agency

To create its Tiangong-1 re-entry prediction, Aerospace Corp. uses no less than eight prediction methods. It tries to find a consensus between the models for its published estimates.

“Each one [model] makes slightly different assumptions, with slightly different orbit propagators,” Muelhaupt said. “Depending on how the model is written, you have to make guesses about different things. Each of them comes with a slightly different perspective. There is no one way to model these things, so we run a basket and look at where we think the consensus is.”

For example, one of the models uses a Monte Carlo simulation — a computer simulation that shows a range of possible outcomes, and the probability of each outcome occurring. Another model emphasizes one particular outcome, or “truth,” over all others, Muelhaupt explained. Some models assume breakup occurs at a slightly higher altitude than others, which also affects Tiangong-1’s predicted fall.

An artist's illustration of China's Tiangong-1 space station as it breaks apart and burns up in Earth's atmosphere.

An artist’s illustration of China’s Tiangong-1 space station as it breaks apart and burns up in Earth’s atmosphere.

Credit: Aerospace Corporation

“We base all public statements on publicly released information, run through each of the different models, average the results and look for consensus,” Muelhaupt said, but said even that can produce challenges.

“Occasionally we get one model that is an outlier. For example, it might put more weight on a later prediction, vs. earlier measurements … that’s why we run multiple models. Every time you think you’ve got all of the guesses right, you are wrong. So it is best to get multiple opinions.”

One important factor in making predictions is the geomagnetic index — the amount of activity generated in Earth’s vicinity from the sun. The sun’s energy, as it strikes the Earth’s atmosphere, can make gases balloon higher and increase the density at more elevated altitudes. The sun’s activity in recent days, however, was quieter than expected.

The sun’s quiescence keeps delaying the time of Tiangong-1’s expected re-entry, because it means the Earth’s atmospheric density near the station is lower than expected. That’s made a huge difference in re-entry predictions. Just three days ago, Muelhaupt noted, Aerospace Corp. predicted a re-entry time of 0200 GMT April 1 (10 p.m. EDT March 31). That’s 16 hours earlier than the current expected re-entry time.

Tiangong-1 launched in 2011 and hosted two crews of taikonauts (Chinese astronauts) in 2012 and 2013. China subsequently lost contact with the space station in 2016, and Tiangong-1 has been falling to Earth ever since. Tiangong-1 is the first Chinese space station, and a successor — Tiangong 2 — began operations in 2016.

Follow us @SpacedotcomFacebook and Google+. Original article on Space.com

Source: Space

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Solo: A Star Wars Story- Ron Howard Shares BTS Photo From VFX Room

As Solo: A Star Wars Story nears its release director Ron Howard has decided to give some updates on the movie’s progress in the editing room. While everything remains on schedule, it seems like the post-production team is engaging in a final review.

The director is currently at Skywalker Ranch in Marin County and seems to be doing some final touch up work on Solo: A Star Wars Story. Howard first tweeted a photo from the sound editing room and revealed that the team was at the final sound mix stage.

#Solo #SkywalkerRanch we are well into final sound mix. A little ahead of schedule and feelin’ good. Getting eager to share,” Tweeted Howard.

The director put out another tweet from the VFX room doing a review of the film. Howard shared a photo from the film along with the tweet which can be found below.

Both tweets did initially leave some fans concerned that Solo: A Star Wars Story which is set to release in May is still going through post-production work. Howard responded to a fan who shared the same concern and assured that everything was on schedule.

#May25. Edit is locked Score done. Right on schedule Hope you check #Solo out and find it fun,” Tweeted the director.

Howard also went on to assure that there will also be another trailer for the Star Wars spinoff movie. But it will likely be the final trailer since the movie is so close to its release.

Since the final sound mix would likely be done by then, Perhaps, there’s a possibility that fans may even get to hear the new Han Solo theme by John Williams. But nothing is confirmed as yet.

Solo: A Star Wars Story releases on May 25th, 2018. Stay tuned to Pursue News for more updates related to the Star Wars spinoff movie.

Ron Howard

@RealRonHoward

we are well into final sound mix. A little ahead of schedule and feelin’ good. Getting eager to share.

Ron Howard

@RealRonHoward

Source: Ron Howard 

Atlantis on Art Hill

cmyk 5 Sunken Cities excavation images.jpg

Photos courtesy of the Saint Louis Art Museum

How must it have felt, there in the turquoise murk, to gaze into the eyes of antiquity?

That question may well occur to viewers of “Sunken Cities: Egypt’s Lost Worlds,” a ticketed exhibition now open at the Saint Louis Art Museum. The exhibition, which runs through Sept. 9, showcases ancient Egyptian artifacts discovered by an expedition in a bay on the Mediterranean Sea near Alexandria.

 French maritime archaeologist Franck Goddio – founder and president of the European Institute for Underwater Archaeology in Paris – led the expedition.

“Our search for the sunken city of Thonis-Heracleion started in 1996,” Goddio relates from the far side of the Atlantic. “It took us years to map the research area – overall 11 by 15 kilometers [6.8 by 9.3 miles] – in today’s Aboukir Bay with various geophysic devices.

“In 2000, we had some electronic evidence that an area located 7.5 kilometers [4.7 miles] from the present coast concealed ancient remains hidden in the seabed. We conducted test archaeological excavations the same year. They soon revealed the presence of a long structure made of large limestone blocks. It was evident we were in the presence of a temple-surrounding wall. We were just in the heart of the city.”

Beyond having discovered that archaeological treasure-trove, Goddio is curating “Sunken Cities,” which Lisa Çakmak, the museum’s associate curator of ancient art, is co-curating locally.

The exhibition comprises not only 250 pieces found by Goddio and his team but also “complementary artifacts from museums in Cairo and Alexandria, some of which never have been shown outside of Egypt,” according to a press release from the local museum.

cmyk 6 Sunken Cities object images.jpg

Photos courtesy of the Saint Louis Art Museum

Also according to that release, Thonis-Heracleion occupied the Nile delta, reaching its zenith as Egypt’s main Mediterranean port in that nation’s Late Period (roughly 664 to 332 B.C.). By the year 800, though, various natural disasters combined to sink both it and nearby Canopus, and their ruins lay undisturbed 30 feet beneath the Mediterranean’s surface for more than a millennium.

The press release otherwise notes of the exhibition that this will be “its first viewing in America,” having previously appeared in institutions in Zurich, London and Paris.

Among the exhibition’s manifold magnificent artifacts, amateur Egyptologists may find themselves puzzling in particular over a 7.2-foot-tall granitoid bust identified only as “the black stone queen.” Helpfully, Çakmak tentatively identifies the enigmatic artifact as a tribute to Arsinoë II, something of a femme fatale born in 316 B.C.

“She has a fascinating story that we explore in the [personal] audio guide … ,” Çakmak says. “She was married three times. Two of those marriages were disastrous – imagine plotting, assassination attempts, murdered children and so forth. After the second marriage, to her half-brother, she fled [from Eurasia] home to Egypt, where she married her full brother, Ptolemy II, and as a result, she became queen of Egypt.

“She was very influential, and upon her death, her husband had her deified and decreed that every temple in Egypt had to have a cult statue of her. We think that this statue was the cult statue of Arsinoë II housed in the temple of Serapis at Canopus.”

The exhibition features artifacts involving not only that Egyptian deity, Serapis, but also the god Amun and the bovine god Apis, with at least one modest, settee-sized sphinx for good measure. Certain of the theological discoveries in the exhibition defy even the venerable Bulfinch’s Mythology, though, like the hippo-headed Taweret, the goddess of fertility and childbirth, and the flooding-related god Hapy, a red granite statue of whom looms almost 18 feet tall and weighs 6 tons.

Not all of the artifacts, it bears noting, mass that much, with “Sunken Cities” including much smaller statuary, as well as such pieces as a 3.5-inch-high lekythos, a container for oil; a 7.4-inch-diameter phiale, a drinking bowl; and a 14.7-inch-tall canopic urn, a mortuary device.

In that light, Çakmak reflects on the professional challenges of tackling curatorial duties on a project of such prominence.
cmyk 2 Sunken Cities object images.jpg

Photos courtesy of the Saint Louis Art Museum

 “My approach was that ‘it takes a village,’” Çakmak says, “and I believe that’s true regardless of the size and complexity of the show. This has been my first exhibition in the museum’s special-exhibition space, so I relied upon my colleagues in all different departments, who all have far more experience than me.

“It was also helpful that we had a certain narrative that we were expected to follow. While we did make changes to the narrative, it meant that I didn’t have to start from scratch – there was already a really strong base upon which to build. Due to the conditions of our museum and our galleries, we had to make certain changes and adapt the narrative and the overall feel of the show, and that was exciting. It makes this version of the exhibition different from the version that toured around Europe.”

Reflecting on the exhibition’s diversity, Çakmak continues: “What I love about this show is that there are no pyramids, no mummies and no desert – three things that I think a lot of people associate with ancient Egypt. The focus of this show is quite different, and I think it will surprise and delight visitors to see a different side of ancient Egypt.

“The show focuses on coastal towns that were very nautical, and I think often people don’t think of water as being the backbone of Egyptian civilization. Without the Nile, there would be no ancient Egypt! These cities show us that Egypt, while not necessarily a seafaring society, was certainly a river-faring culture, and boats and boat imagery feature prominently in their cosmological and religious beliefs.”

Goddio himself also reflects on the magnitude of his expedition and the exhibition, stating: “The moment you realize you have found what you were looking for is extraordinary. Discovering things that people who lived in ancient times left behind is an amazing experience. My team and I are still overwhelmed by the dimension of the city. Although we perform expeditions every year, we are still at the beginning of our research there.”

Then, just a bit ruefully, he adds, “We will have to continue our work for the next 200 years.”

cmyk 6 Sunken Cities excavation images.jpg
Photos courtesy of the Saint Louis Art Museum

 

Source: http://www.laduenews.com/

Saturday’s Blue Moon Is the Last One Until 2020 (Don’t Miss It!)

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Skywatchers take note: The last Blue Moon of 2018 is just around the corner. If you miss it, you’ll have to wait to 2020 for the next one.

 The upcoming Blue Moon — the name given to the second full moon to occur in a single calendar month — rises on Saturday (March 31). It’ll be the second Blue Moon of the year; the first occurred on Jan. 31, when we experienced the “Super Blue Blood Moon Lunar Eclipse.”
If you’re a Blue Moon fan, make sure to get an eyeful on Saturday; the next one won’t come until Halloween night in 2020, according to the Weather Channel.

An airplane flies in front of the Blue Moon of July 31, 2015, in this photo captured by skywatcher Chris Jankowski of Erie, Pennsylvania.

An airplane flies in front of the Blue Moon of July 31, 2015, in this photo captured by skywatcher Chris Jankowski of Erie, Pennsylvania.

Credit: Chris Jankowski

Thought to be called "blue" after an old english term meaning "betrayer," a Blue Moon is an extra full moon that occurs due to a quirk of the calendar. [<a href="http://www.space.com/16776-blue-moon-explained-infographic.html">See the full Blue Moon Infographic here</a>.]
Thought to be called “blue” after an old english term meaning “betrayer,” a Blue Moon is an extra full moon that occurs due to a quirk of the calendar. [See the full Blue Moon Infographic here.]

Credit: Karl Tate, SPACE.com

Blue Moons aren’t actually blue, and they don’t look different from any other full moon in the sky. The term, which has been around for hundreds of years, apparently originally signified something that’s absurd, but then shifted over time to refer to exceedingly rare events, Philip Hiscock wrote in a 2012 article for Sky & Telescope. (Interestingly, a Blue Moon previously meant the third full moon in a season that had four of them. This sense of an “extra” full moon morphed into the definition most people recognize today. Language is a slippery and changeable thing!)

 But Blue Moons aren’t all that rare, really: On average, they occur about once every 2.7 years. Blue Moons are possible because it takes Earth’s nearest neighbor 29.5 days to circle our planet, but each calendar month (except February) contains 30 or 31 days.

Editor’s note: If you capture an amazing photo of the Blue Moon or any other celestial sight and would like to share it with Space.com for a story or gallery, send images and comments to managing editor Tariq Malik at spacephotos@space.com.

Follow Mike Wall on Twitter @michaeldwall and Google+. Follow us @SpacedotcomFacebook or Google+. Originally published on Space.com.

Source:Space

Dawson’s Creek cast reunites for its 20th anniversary on this week’s EW cover

To read more on the Dawson’s Creek reunion, pick up the new issue of Entertainment Weekly on stands Friday. You can buy the full set of five covers here. Or purchase the individual covers featuring James Van Der BeekKatie HolmesJoshua JacksonMichelle Williams & Busy Philipps, or the original foursome online or at Barnes & Noble. Don’t forget to subscribe for more exclusive interviews and photos, only in EW. Watch the full episode of Entertainment Weekly Cast Reunions: Dawson’s Creek, streaming now on PeopleTV.com or download the PeopleTV app on your favorite device.You no longer have to wait. For the first time since the 2003 finale, the cast of one of the most iconic, beloved, and meme-worthy teen dramas ever, Dawson’s Creek, has reunited, thanks to Entertainment Weekly. “I think we’ve all sort of seen each other over the years, but not everybody all together,” says Katie Holmes. “And never for long enough.” Adds creator Kevin Williamson (Scream), “I run into James and Josh, Katie, Michelle, and I just get a big smile on my face. It’s just a very, very special time in my life.”

The cast — Holmes (Joey Potter), James Van Der Beek (Dawson Leery), Joshua Jackson (Pacey Witter), Michelle Williams (Jen Lindley), Busy Phillips (Audrey Liddell), Kerr Smith (Jack McPhee), Meredith Monroe (Andie McPhee), and Mary Beth Peil (Evelyn “Grams” Ryan) — sat down for EW’s cover story and video reunion, streaming now on PeopleTV.com or through the PeopleTV app, on March 12 in New York City. Looking back, Van Der Beek recalls the time during season 4 when he got lost trying to show his parents the Leery house in Wilmington, N.C., which stood in for fictional Capeside. That small-town location bonded this cast more than your typical television series. “It was like growing up together,” remembers Monroe. “I felt like I was so grateful that it was shooting in Wilmington. We all got to really connect in a way that I don’t think we would have had we been in New York or L.A.”

EXCLUSIVE PHOTOS: See the Dawson’s Creek cast reunited

The series, which ran on The WB from 1998 to 2003 and is now streaming in its entirety on Hulu, was both a sweet nod to coming-of-age stories and a bold and sometimes controversial addition to the teen genre. Budding filmmaker Dawson, goofy troublemaker Pacey, moody tomboy Joey, and reformed-ish bad girl Jen all discover the joy and (mostly) pain of first love as they date and break up and date and break up… and date and break up, all with the titular body of water as a soothing backdrop. Love triangles and rectangles are nothing new, but Creek’s delivery of these topics was shockingly fresh. These pubescent pals weren’t going to the Peach Pit for shakes — they were talking about masturbating to Katie Couric and having affairs with their teachers. And they spoke about their hormonal escapades (or lack thereof) in smart, Aaron Sorkin-esque dialogue. Says John Wesley Shipp, who played Dawson’s father, Mitch: “I remember a big star who shall remain nameless said to Kevin, ‘Young people don’t talk like that.’ Kevin said, ‘Well, maybe not, but they’d like to.’ We had a feeling that we were pioneering a different way of telling stories about young people.” Adds Jackson, “Kevin never insulted the audience and never insulted [the actors] by dumbing us down. I loved that part.”

And the show’s young stars, especially the main four leads, all became overnight teen icons. “I was actually with James when he signed his first autograph,” remembers Mary-Margaret Humes, who played Dawson’s mother, Gail. “My husband and I had taken James up to Universal City in L.A. to watch a movie. This girl came up to James and said, ‘Excuse me, aren’t you that guy on Dawson’s Creek? May I have your autograph?’ He signed it and said, ‘Oh my God, Mary-Margaret, that was my first!’ And, of course, my thought was ‘Oh, honey, hang on.’”

But it’s not surprising to see such passionate fan reactions. Creek was a series that wore its heart on its sleeve and spoke to a generation. “It was really wholesome and it was really Americana,” says Greg Berlanti (Riverdale), who began his career on season 2 and took over showrunner duties in season 3. “I think if people want a perfect snapshot of what it was like to come of age in the ’90s and be a young person in that moment, Dawson’s will always be a time capsule of that.” Adds Williams: “I loved that we were able to get in there in those formative years for people. That’s why people, I think, are so connected to it. When something affects you while you were growing up, it kind of stays in there forever. When you’re so permeable and open and trying to figure out who you are and what’s going on, whatever reaches you in those moments really becomes part of you.”

Marc Hom for EW

Marc Hom for EW

Marc Hom for EW

Marc Hom for EW

Marc Hom for EW

For much more on Dawson’s Creek and other Untold Stories, pick up the latest issue of Entertainment Weekly on stands Friday. To purchase the four collector’s covers, visit your local Barnes & Noble starting April 3 or visit the EW Back Issues store

Source: http://ew.com/

Perchè ti amo

“- Perchè mi fai soffrire?
-Perchè ti amo.
– No, non mi ami! Chi ama vuole la felicità, non il dolore.
-Chi ama vuole solo l’amore, anche a costo del dolore.
– Mi fai soffrire apposta, allora.
-Si , per vedere se mi ami.
– Il dolore è uno stato negativo dell’anima.
– L’ amore è tutto.
-Il dolore va sempre combattuto.
– L’amore non si rifiuta a nulla.
– Certe cose non le ammetterò mai.
– Si che le ammetti, perchè mi ami e soffri.”

Maria Frisina

Independence Day: Resurgence Producer Won’t Be Part Of A Third Film


It seems producer/writer Dean Devlin of the popular Independence Day franchise has no plans of making a sequel to the 2016 released film Independence Day: Resurgence.

LRM caught up with Dean Devlin over the weekend while he was promoting his new horror thriller Bad Samaritan at WonderCon in Anaheim, California.  When Devlin was asked about the potential for another Independence Day film, he didn’t specifically state that there wouldn’t be a third film.

In fact, he tried to separate himself from the franchise, saying, “I don’t know. I don’t know. Currently, I personally have no plans on doing another one.”

Notably, the first Independence Day movie released back in 1996 was a worldwide hit at the global box office with a total collection of more than $817 million ($306 million domestically, $511 million overseas). The jaw-dropping action-blockbuster solidified Will Smith as a film star. The film was successful enough to call for the makers to go for a sequel.

Interestingly, it took around 20 years for the filmmakers to release the sequel film titled Independence Day: Resurgence. As the success of the first film doesn’t guarantee that the sequel will also turn out to be as successful, the same happened with Resurgence.

Although the sequel earned around $390M worldwide, almost double its budget of $165M, it wasn’t as well received by the audiences as the first film. The critics panned Independence Day: Resurgence heavily. The film it earned a rating of 30 percent on review aggregator site Rotten Tomatoes. This likely influenced audiences’ lukewarm reception to the film. On top of it, Independence Day: Resurgence was also nominated for Worst Picture and Worst Director by the Razzies.

It may be the case that the failure of the Resurgence has restricted the makers from making a sequel to the 2016 film.  At this point of time, it remains a mystery if fans will ever get to see a new Independence Day franchise movie.

Do you think a sequel for the Resurgence should be made? Let us know in comments below.

Source: https://pursuenews.com/independence-day-resurgence-producer-wont-be-part-of-a-third-film/

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